MediaRecorder Android 11 start failed -1004

Issue

On Android 11 my MediaRecorder fails to initialize. I suspect the problem is related to scopedstorage, but I have been unable to figure out the cause. I am using MediaRecorder to record audio from the microphone. I extract the amplitude from the audio, so I have no intention to keep the file, that is why the path is /dev/null

 var mRecorder: MediaRecorder?  null


 if (mRecorder  null) {
        mRecorder  MediaRecorder()
        mRecorder!!.setAudioSource(MediaRecorder.AudioSource.MIC)
        mRecorder!!.setOutputFormat(MediaRecorder.OutputFormat.THREE_GPP)
        mRecorder!!.setAudioEncoder(MediaRecorder.AudioEncoder.AMR_NB)
        mRecorder!!.setOutputFile("/dev/null")
        try {
            mRecorder!!.prepare()
        } catch (ioe: IOException) {
            Log.e("[Monkey]", "IOException: " + Log.getStackTraceString(ioe))
        } catch (e: SecurityException) {
            Log.e("[Monkey]", "SecurityException: " + Log.getStackTraceString(e))
        }
        try {
            mRecorder!!.start()
        } catch (e: SecurityException) {
            Log.e("[Monkey]", "SecurityException: " + Log.getStackTraceString(e))
        }

The crash is at MediaRecorded.start(). Is /dev/null not a valid path on Android 11?

Logcat:

start failed: -1004
2020-11-15 10:51:41.827 11836-11836/ E/AndroidRuntime: FATAL EXCEPTION: main
    Process: c, PID: 11836
    java.lang.RuntimeException: start failed.
        at android.media.MediaRecorder.start(Native Method)

Solution

Replace “/dev/null” with the correct file path “${externalCacheDir.absolutePath}/test.3gp” and it should work.

Answered By – Alexander

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