MediaSessionCompat:Targeting S+ (version 31 and above) requires that one of FLAG\_IMMUTABLE or FLAG\_MUTABLE be specified when creating a PendingIntent

Issue

I’m trying to update my application to Android SDK 31 but I’m having an issue with MediaSessionCompat.

I have a MediaService that extends the MediaBrowserServiceCompat() and in method onCreate of that service I initialise the MediaSessionCompat.

override fun onCreate() {
  super.onCreate()
  mediaSession  MediaSessionCompat(this, TAG).apply {
    setCallback(mediaSessionCallback)
    isActive  true
  }
...

But I’m having the following error

java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to create service com.radio.core.service.MediaService: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: com.xxx.xxx: Targeting S+ (version 31 and above) requires that one of FLAG_IMMUTABLE or FLAG_MUTABLE be specified when creating a PendingIntent.
    Strongly consider using FLAG_IMMUTABLE, only use FLAG_MUTABLE if some functionality depends on the PendingIntent being mutable, e.g. if it needs to be used with inline replies or bubbles.
        at android.app.ActivityThread.handleCreateService(ActivityThread.java:4498)
        at android.app.ActivityThread.access$1500(ActivityThread.java:250)
        at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:2064)
        at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:106)
        at android.os.Looper.loopOnce(Looper.java:201)
        at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:288)
        at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:7829)
        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
        at com.android.internal.os.RuntimeInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(RuntimeInit.java:548)
        at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:982)
     Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: com.xxx.xxx: Targeting S+ (version 31 and above) requires that one of FLAG_IMMUTABLE or FLAG_MUTABLE be specified when creating a PendingIntent.
    Strongly consider using FLAG_IMMUTABLE, only use FLAG_MUTABLE if some functionality depends on the PendingIntent being mutable, e.g. if it needs to be used with inline replies or bubbles.
        at android.app.PendingIntent.checkFlags(PendingIntent.java:375)
        at android.app.PendingIntent.getBroadcastAsUser(PendingIntent.java:645)
        at android.app.PendingIntent.getBroadcast(PendingIntent.java:632)
        at android.support.v4.media.session.MediaSessionCompat.<init>(MediaSessionCompat.java:567)
        at android.support.v4.media.session.MediaSessionCompat.<init>(MediaSessionCompat.java:537)
        at android.support.v4.media.session.MediaSessionCompat.<init>(MediaSessionCompat.java:501)
        at android.support.v4.media.session.MediaSessionCompat.<init>(MediaSessionCompat.java:475)
        at com.radio.core.service.MediaService.onCreate(MediaService.kt:63)
        at android.app.ActivityThread.handleCreateService(ActivityThread.java:4485)
            ... 9 more

I’m using the most recent version of media library (“androidx.media:media:1.4.0”) that is able to handle the this requirement from the Andriod “S””. As it’s possible to see in the MediaSessionCompact.java class.

// TODO(b/182513352): Use PendingIntent.FLAG_MUTABLE instead from S.
/**
 * @hide
 */
@RestrictTo(LIBRARY)
public static final int PENDING_INTENT_FLAG_MUTABLE  
  Build.VERSION.CODENAME.equals("S") ? 0x02000000 : 0;

...

if (mbrComponent ! null && mbrIntent  null) {
  // construct a PendingIntent for the media button
  Intent mediaButtonIntent  new Intent(Intent.ACTION_MEDIA_BUTTON);
  // the associated intent will be handled by the component being registered
  mediaButtonIntent.setComponent(mbrComponent);
  mbrIntent  PendingIntent.getBroadcast(context,
    0/* requestCode, ignored */, mediaButtonIntent,
    PENDING_INTENT_FLAG_MUTABLE);
}

Source code demonstrating the problem – https://github.com/adelinolobao/issue-media-session-compat

Do you guys have any idea how can I fix the error?

Solution

If you are NOT USING PendingIntent anywhere. The issue might be resolved by adding or updating this dependency

    // required to avoid crash on Android 12 API 31
    implementation 'androidx.work:work-runtime-ktx:2.7.0'

This fixed my problem.

Answered By – andrey2ag

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